We know very little, and yet it is astonishing that we know so much,

and still more astonishing that so little knowledge can give us so much power.

- Bertrand Russel

Refereed Research Articles

  1. Hughes, T., Kersting, M. (2021). The invisibility of time dilation. Physics Education, 56(2),  025011

  2. Kersting, M., Steier, R., Venville, G. (2020). Exploring participant engagement during an astrophysics virtual reality experience at a science festival. International Journal of Science Education, Part B,

  3. Kersting, M., Toellner, R., Blair, D., Burman, R. (2020) Gravity and warped time – clarifying conceptual confusions in general relativity, Physics Education, 55, 015023,

  4. Choudhary, R., Kraus, U., Kersting, M., Zahn, C., Zadnik, M., Meagher, R., Blair, D. (2019). Einsteinian physics in the classroom: Integrating physical and digital learning resources in the context of an international research collaboration, The Physics Educator. 1(4) 1950016,

  5. Steier, R., Kersting, M. (2019), Metaimagining and embodied conceptions of spacetime, Cognition & Instruction, 37(2), 145-168, (accepted author version)

  6. Kersting, M., (2019) Free fall in curved spacetime – how to visualise gravity in general relativity, Physics Education, Physics Education, 54, 035008,

  7. Steier, R., Kersting, M., Silseth, K (2019). Imagining with improvised representations in CSCL environments, International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 14: 109.

  8. Kersting, M. (2019). Navigating four dimensions - upper secondary students' understanding of movement in spacetime, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Volume 1287, Number 1,

  9. Kamphorst, F., Kersting, M. (2019). Design-Based Research and the Model of Educational Reconstruction: A Combined Approach to Design Successful Science Instruction. In Levrini, O. & Tasquier, G. (Eds.) Electronic Proceedings of the ESERA 2019 Conference. The beauty and pleasure of understanding: engaging with contemporary challenges through science education, Part [18] (co-ed. [Kapon, S. & Ødegaard, M.]), (pp. [256]). Bologna: ALMA MATER STUDIORUM – University of Bologna. 978- 88-945874-0-1978-88-945874-0-1

  10. Kersting, M., Steier, R. (2018). Understanding curved spacetime - the role of the rubber sheet analogy in learning general relativity. Science & Education. 27(7),593-623, (accepted author version)

  11. Kersting, M., Henriksen, E. K., Bøe, M. V., & Angell, C. (2018). General relativity in upper secondary school: design and evaluation of an online learning environment using the model of educational reconstruction. Physical Review Physics Education Research, 14(1), 010130-1-010130-18.

  12. Kersting, M. (in press). How History and Philosophy of Science Can Inform Teaching and Learning of General Relativity in Upper Secondary School, Proceedings of the Fifteenth Marcel Grossman Meeting on General Relativity, World Scientific, Singapore (preprint

  13. Woithe, J., Kersting, M. (in press). Bend it like dark matter. Physics Education (preprint)

  14. Kersting, M., Haglund, J., Steier, R. (under review). A growing body of knowledge: On the four different senses of embodiment in science education.
  15. Kersting, M., Schrocker, G., & Papantoniou, S. (under review). ‘I loved exploring a new dimension of reality’ - a case study of middle-school girls encountering Einsteinian physics in the classroom

Books & Book Chapters

  1. Kersting M. (2020) Visualizing Four Dimensions in Special and General Relativity. In: Sriraman B. (eds) Handbook of the Mathematics of the Arts and Sciences. Springer, Cham,

  2. Kersting, M., Blair, D. (Eds) (2021, forthcoming), Teaching Einsteinian Physics in Schools: An Essential Guide for Teachers in Training and Practice, Routledge, Singapore.
  3. Kersting, M. (in press) Using the language of gravity to teach about space, time, and matter in general relativity, Teaching Einsteinian Physics in Schools, Kersting, M., Blair, D. (Eds), Routledge, Singapore

  4. Kersting, M. (in press) Standing on the shoulders of giants – how historical perspectives on gravity can inform modern physics education, Teaching Einsteinian Physics in Schools, Kersting, M., Blair, D. (Eds), Routledge, Singapore

  5. Blair, D., Kersting, M. (in press) The difficult birth of gravitational wave astronomy, Teaching Einsteinian Physics in Schools, Kersting, M., Blair, D. (Eds), Routledge, Singapore

Selection of Outreach & Science Communication

  1. Die relativ sensationelle 100. Folge, Podcast guest with Sag Mal du als Physiker

  2. Grundlagen der Allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie, Public talk for Haus der Astronomie

  3. Ein erster Katalog kosmischer Kollisionen (The first catalogue of cosmic collisions), Joint article with Jens Kube for Einstein-Online

  4. Meet the Scientist - Interview with Wonk!

  5. Da geniet Einstein tok feil - Interview with National Geographic  (in Norwegian)

  6. Har frisket opp Einstein for dagens skoleelever - Interview with Titan Magazine (in Norwegian)

  7. Navigating Four Dimensions - Feature article in Lateral Magazine

  8. General Relativity - Why high school students should learn about Einstein's most revolutionary idea - Article in Titan Magazine, National Geographic Education's "Read of the Week"

  9. Stretching the imagination: How a rubber sheet challenges our knowledge of gravity, Medium

Refereed conference contributions

  1. 11/2020: "Instructional Strategies to Foster Motivation for Einsteinian Physics Among Middle School Girls", GIREP 2020, virtual conference

  2. 08/2020: "Learning Processes of Embodied Interaction with Disembodied Concepts in CSCL Environments", EARLI SIG 6 & 7, virtual conference

  3. 08/2019: "Scientific Concepts and the Role of Imagination in the Language Games of the Science Classroom", ESERA 2019, Bologna, Italy 

  4. 08/2019: "Design-based Research and the Model of Educational Reconstruction - a Combined Approach to Design Successful Science Instruction", joint work with Floor Kamphorst, ESERA 2019, Bologna, Italy

  5. 07/2019: "Free Fall in Curved Spacetime", GIREP 2019, Budapest, Hungary

  6. 12/2018: "General Relativity in Upper Secondary School", AIP Congress 2018, Perth, Australia

  7. 07/2018: "The Role of Imagination in the Language Games of the Science Classroom", BWS 2018, London, UK

  8. 07/2018: "Navigating Four Dimensions - Upper Secondary Students' Understanding of Movement in Spacetime", GIREP-MPTL 2018, San Sebastian, Spain 

  9. 07/2018: "How History and Philosophy of Science Can Inform Teaching and Learning of General Relativity in Upper Secondary School", GIREP-MPTL 2018, San Sebastian, Spain 

  10. 07/2018: "How History and Philosophy of Science Can Inform Teaching and Learning of General Relativity in Upper Secondary School", 15th Marcel Grossmann Meeting, Rome, Italy

  11. 06/2018: "Gravity, Imagination, and Embodied Conceptions of Spacetime", 2nd Symposium on Embodied Interaction: "Gesture, Touch, and Embodied Meaning-Making", Odense, Denmark

  12. 03/2018: "General Relativity in Upper Secondary School: How Philosophy of Science Can Inform Physics Education of the 21st century", PESGB 2018, Oxford, Great Britain

  13. 08/2017: "Educational Reconstruction of General Relativity Through a Collaborative Online Learning Environment", JURE 2017, Tampere, Finland

  14. 08/2017: "Gravity, Imagination, and Embodied Conceptions of Spacetime", ESERA 2017, Dublin, Ireland

  15. 07/2017: "Teaching General Relativity in Upper Secondary School: an Educational Reconstruction", GIREP-ICPE-EPEC 2017, Dublin, Ireland

  16. 07/2017: "An International Research Collaboration in the Teaching and Learning of Einsteinian Physics", GIREP-ICPE-EPEC 2017, Dublin, Ireland

Workshops, Key Note & Invited Talks

  1. 07/2020 "General Relativity in Secondary Schools", LIGO IPA Online Conference
  2. 06/2020 "Einsteinian Physics in the Classroom", UkEdChat Online Conference
  3. 02/2020 "Impact in Einsteinian Physics Education", Inaugural Einstein-First Interational Workshop, Perth, Australia (keynote talk)

  4. 11/2019: "Computer-supported collaborative learning & embodied conceptions of spacetime", Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden (invited talk)

  5. 11/2019: "Embodied Cognition in Science Education - Examples from Relativity", Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden (invited talk)

  6. 11/2019: "Computer-supported collaborative learning & embodied conceptions of spacetime", Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden (invited talk)

  7. 08/2019: "Modernising Science Teaching: Bringing the Virtual Universe into the Classroom", Workshop with Jackie Bondell, ESERA 2019, Bologna, Italy 

  8. 07/2019: "The Transformational Power of Educational Research Collaborations - Impact in Physics Education", Bridging the Skills Gap in Physics Education, Institute of Physics, London, UK (invited talk)

  9. 07/2019: "Bringing general relativity to secondary schools: Design and evaluation of a digital learning environment", GR22-Amaldi13, Valencia, Spain (invited talk)

  10. 07/2019: Symposium "Teaching and Learning of Einsteinian Physics", GIREP 2019, Budapest, Hungary

  11. 02/2019: "Curved Spacetime: Investigating Students' Conceptual Understanding in General Relativity", WE-Heraeus Seminar - General Relativity as a Challenge for Physics Education, Bad Honnef, Germany

  12. 12/2018: "Modernising Physics Teaching", STAWA Future Science 2018, Perth, Australia

  13. 11/2018: "Understanding Curved Spacetime", Fogarty Foundation Postgraduate Research Forum 2018, Perth, Australia

  14. 07/2018: Chair of symposium: "International Perspectives on Einsteinian Physics at Upper Secondary School Level", GIREP-MPTL 2018, San Sebastian, Spain 

  15. 06/2017: "A Relatively Modern Physics Lesson", Science on Stage, Debrecen, Hungary

  16. 07/2017: Chair of symposium: "The Teaching and Learning of Einsteinian Physics in International Contexts", GIREP-ICPE-EPEC 2017, Dublin, Ireland

  17. 12/2016: "General Relativity: Making Einstein's Theory Teachable", STAWA Future Science 2016, Perth, Australia

  18. 11/2016: "Curved Space and Warped Time: Students' Understanding of Gravity", International Workshop on the Teaching and Learning of Einsteinian Physics in the Era of Gravitational Astronomy, Gin Gin, Western Australia

  19. 8/2016: "ReleKvant - undervisningsopplegg om relativitetsteori og kvantefysikk", National Conference on Teaching of Physics, Copenhagen, Denmark 


  1. Kersting, M. (2019), General Relativity in Secondary School - Research-Based Development of Learning Resources and Analyses of Students’ Conceptual Understanding Using the Model of Educational Reconstruction, Series of dissertations submitted to the The Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Oslo No. 2214, ISSN 1501-7710