We know very little, and yet it is astonishing that we know so much,

and still more astonishing that so little knowledge can give us so much power.

- Bertrand Russel

Refereed Research Articles

  1. Kersting, M., Toellner, R., Blair, D., Burman, R. (2020) Gravity and warped time – clarifying conceptual confusions in general relativity, Physics Education, 55, 015023,

  2. Choudhary, R., Kraus, U., Kersting, M., Zahn, C., Zadnik, M., Meagher, R., Blair, D. (2019). Einsteinian physics in the classroom: Integrating physical and digital learning resources in the context of an international research collaboration, The Physics Educator. 1(4) 1950016,

  3. Steier, R., Kersting, M. (2019), Metaimagining and embodied conceptions of spacetime, Cognition & Instruction, 37(2), 145-168,

  4. Kersting, M., (2019) Free fall in curved spacetime – how to visualise gravity in general relativity,Physics Education, Physics Education, 54, 035008,

  5. Steier, R., Kersting, M., Silseth, K (2019). Imagining with improvised representations in CSCL environments, International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 14: 109.

  6. Kersting, M. (2019). Navigating four dimensions - upper secondary students' understanding of movement in spacetime, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Volume 1287, Number 1,

  7. Kersting, M., Steier, R. (2018). Understanding curved spacetime - the role of the rubber sheet analogy in learning general relativity. Science & Education. 27(7),593-623,

  8. Kersting, M., Henriksen, E. K., Bøe, M. V., & Angell, C. (2018). General relativity in upper secondary school: design and evaluation of an online learning environment using the model of educational reconstruction. Physical Review Physics Education Research, 14(1), 010130-1-010130-18.

  9. Kersting, M. (in press). How History and Philosophy of Science Can Inform Teaching and Learning of General Relativity in Upper Secondary School, Proceedings of the Fifteenth Marcel Grossman Meeting on General Relativity, World Scientific, Singapore (preprint

Book Chapters

  1. Kersting M. (2020) Visualizing Four Dimensions in Special and General Relativity. In: Sriraman B. (eds) Handbook of the Mathematics of the Arts and Sciences. Springer, Cham,

Refereed Conference Contributions

  1. 08/2019: "Scientific Concepts and the Role of Imagination in the Language Games of the Science Classroom", ESERA 2019, Bologna, Italy 

  2. 08/2019: "Design-based Research and the Model of Educational Reconstruction - a Combined Approach to Design Successful Science Instruction", joint work with Floor Kamphorst, ESERA 2019, Bologna, Italy

  3. 07/2019: "Free Fall in Curved Spacetime", GIREP 2019, Budapest, Hungary

  4. 12/2018: "General Relativity in Upper Secondary School", AIP Congress 2018, Perth, Australia

  5. 07/2018: "The Role of Imagination in the Language Games of the Science Classroom", BWS 2018, London, UK

  6. 07/2018: "Navigating Four Dimensions - Upper Secondary Students' Understanding of Movement in Spacetime", GIREP-MPTL 2018, San Sebastian, Spain 

  7. 07/2018: "How History and Philosophy of Science Can Inform Teaching and Learning of General Relativity in Upper Secondary School", GIREP-MPTL 2018, San Sebastian, Spain 

  8. 07/2018: "How History and Philosophy of Science Can Inform Teaching and Learning of General Relativity in Upper Secondary School", 15th Marcel Grossmann Meeting, Rome, Italy

  9. 06/2018: "Gravity, Imagination, and Embodied Conceptions of Spacetime", 2nd Symposium on Embodied Interaction: "Gesture, Touch, and Embodied Meaning-Making", Odense, Denmark

  10. 03/2018: "General Relativity in Upper Secondary School: How Philosophy of Science Can Inform Physics Education of the 21st century", PESGB 2018, Oxford, Great Britain

  11. 08/2017: "Educational Reconstruction of General Relativity Through a Collaborative Online Learning Environment", JURE 2017, Tampere, Finland

  12. 08/2017: "Gravity, Imagination, and Embodied Conceptions of Spacetime", ESERA 2017, Dublin, Ireland

  13. 07/2017: "Teaching General Relativity in Upper Secondary School: an Educational Reconstruction", GIREP-ICPE-EPEC 2017, Dublin, Ireland

  14. 07/2017: "An International Research Collaboration in the Teaching and Learning of Einsteinian Physics", GIREP-ICPE-EPEC 2017, Dublin, Ireland

Workshops, Presentations, & Invited Talks

  1. 07/2020 "General Relativity in Secondary Schools", LIGO IPA Online Conference

  2. 06/2020 "Einsteinian Physics in the Classroom", UkEdChat Online Conference

  3. 02/2020 "Impact in Einsteinian Physics Education", Inaugural Einstein-First Interational Workshop, Perth, Australia (keynote talk)
  4. 11/2019: "Computer-supported collaborative learning & embodied conceptions of spacetime", Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden (invited talk)
  5. 11/2019: "Embodied Cognition in Science Education - Examples from Relativity", Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden (invited talk)
  6. 11/2019: "Computer-supported collaborative learning & embodied conceptions of spacetime", Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden (invited talk)
  7. 08/2019: "Modernising Science Teaching: Bringing the Virtual Universe into the Classroom", Workshop with Jackie Bondell, ESERA 2019, Bologna, Italy 
  8. 07/2019: "The Transformational Power of Educational Research Collaborations - Impact in Physics Education", Bridging the Skills Gap in Physics Education, Institute of Physics, London, UK (invited talk)
  9. 07/2019: "Bringing general relativity to secondary schools: Design and evaluation of a digital learning environment", GR22-Amaldi13, Valencia, Spain (invited talk)

  10. 07/2019: Symposium "Teaching and Learning of Einsteinian Physics", GIREP 2019, Budapest, Hungary
  11. 02/2019: "Curved Spacetime: Investigating Students' Conceptual Understanding in General Relativity", WE-Heraeus Seminar - General Relativity as a Challenge for Physics Education, Bad Honnef, Germany
  12. 12/2018: "Modernising Physics Teaching", STAWA Future Science 2018, Perth, Australia
  13. 11/2018: "Understanding Curved Spacetime", Fogarty Foundation Postgraduate Research Forum 2018, Perth, Australia
  14. 07/2018: Chair of symposium: "International Perspectives on Einsteinian Physics at Upper Secondary School Level", GIREP-MPTL 2018, San Sebastian, Spain 

  15. 06/2017: "A Relatively Modern Physics Lesson", Science on Stage, Debrecen, Hungary
  16. 07/2017: Chair of symposium: "The Teaching and Learning of Einsteinian Physics in International Contexts", GIREP-ICPE-EPEC 2017, Dublin, Ireland

  17. 12/2016: "General Relativity: Making Einstein's Theory Teachable", STAWA Future Science 2016, Perth, Australia
  18. 11/2016: "Curved Space and Warped Time: Students' Understanding of Gravity", International Workshop on the Teaching and Learning of Einsteinian Physics in the Era of Gravitational Astronomy, Gin Gin, Western Australia
  19. 8/2016: "ReleKvant - undervisningsopplegg om relativitetsteori og kvantefysikk", National Conference on Teaching of Physics, Copenhagen, Denmark 

Outreach & Science Communication

  1. Ein erster Katalog kosmischer Kollisionen (The first catalogue of cosmic collisions), Joint article with Jens Kube for Einstein-Online

  2. Meet the Scientist - Interview with Wonk!

  3. Da geniet Einstein tok feil - Interview with National Geographic  (in Norwegian)

  4. Har frisket opp Einstein for dagens skoleelever - Interview with Titan Magazine (in Norwegian)

  5. Navigating Four Dimensions - Feature article in Lateral Magazine

  6. General Relativity - Why high school students should learn about Einstein's most revolutionary idea - Article in Titan Magazine, National Geographic Education's "Read of the Week"

  7. Stretching the imagination: How a rubber sheet challenges our knowledge of gravity, Medium


  1. Kersting, M. (2019), General Relativity in Secondary School - Research-Based Development of Learning Resources and Analyses of Students’ Conceptual Understanding Using the Model of Educational Reconstruction, Series of dissertations submitted to the The Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Oslo No. 2214, ISSN 1501-7710