We know very little, and yet it is astonishing that we know so much,

and still more astonishing that so little knowledge can give us so much power.

- Bertrand Russel


  1. Woithe, J., Kersting, M. (2021). Bend it like dark matter. Physics Education 56(3),

  2. Hughes, T., Kersting, M. (2021). The invisibility of time dilation. Physics Education, 56(2),  025011

  3. Ødegaard, M.; Kjærnsli, M.; Karlsen, S.; Kersting, M.; Lunde, M.L.S.; Olufsen, M. & Sæleset, J. (2021). Tett på naturfag i klasserommet (Linking Instruction in Science & Student Impact). Report for The Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training


  1. Kersting, M., Steier, R., Venville, G. (2020). Exploring participant engagement during an astrophysics virtual reality experience at a science festival. International Journal of Science Education, Part B,

  2. Kersting, M., Toellner, R., Blair, D., Burman, R. (2020) Gravity and warped time – clarifying conceptual confusions in general relativity, Physics Education, 55, 015023,

  3. Kersting M. (2020) Visualizing Four Dimensions in Special and General Relativity. In: Sriraman B. (eds) Handbook of the Mathematics of the Arts and Sciences. Springer, Cham,


  1. Kersting, M., (2019) Free fall in curved spacetime – how to visualise gravity in general relativity, Physics Education, Physics Education, 54, 035008,

  2. Steier, R., Kersting, M. (2019), Metaimagining and embodied conceptions of spacetime, Cognition & Instruction, 37(2), 145-168, (accepted author version)

  3. Steier, R., Kersting, M., Silseth, K (2019). Imagining with improvised representations in CSCL environments, International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 14: 109.

  4. Choudhary, R., Kraus, U., Kersting, M., Zahn, C., Zadnik, M., Meagher, R., Blair, D. (2019). Einsteinian physics in the classroom: Integrating physical and digital learning resources in the context of an international research collaboration, The Physics Educator. 1(4) 1950016, (accepted author version)
  5. Kersting, M. (2019). Navigating four dimensions - upper secondary students' understanding of movement in spacetime, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Volume 1287, Number 1,

  6. Kamphorst, F., Kersting, M. (2019). Design-Based Research and the Model of Educational Reconstruction: A Combined Approach to Design Successful Science Instruction. In Levrini, O. & Tasquier, G. (Eds.) Electronic Proceedings of the ESERA 2019 Conference. The beauty and pleasure of understanding: engaging with contemporary challenges through science education, Part [18] (co-ed. [Kapon, S. & Ødegaard, M.]), (pp. [256]). Bologna: ALMA MATER STUDIORUM – University of Bologna. 978- 88-945874-0-1978-88-945874-0-1

  7. Kersting, M. (2019), General Relativity in Secondary School - Research-Based Development of Learning Resources and Analyses of Students’ Conceptual Understanding Using the Model of Educational Reconstruction, Series of dissertations submitted to the The Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Oslo No. 2214, ISSN 1501-7710


  1. Kersting, M., Steier, R. (2018). Understanding curved spacetime - the role of the rubber sheet analogy in learning general relativity. Science & Education. 27(7),593-623, (accepted author version)

  2. Kersting, M., Henriksen, E. K., Bøe, M. V., & Angell, C. (2018). General relativity in upper secondary school: design and evaluation of an online learning environment using the model of educational reconstruction. Physical Review Physics Education Research, 14(1), 010130-1-010130-18.


In press & preparation

  1. Kersting, M., Haglund, J., Steier, R. (in press). A growing body of knowledge: On the four different senses of embodiment in science education. Science & Education.

  2. Kersting, M., Blair, D. (Eds) (2021, forthcoming), Teaching Einsteinian Physics in Schools: An Essential Guide for Teachers in Training and Practice, Routledge, Singapore. ISBN 9781760877712

  3. Kersting, M. (in press) Using the language of gravity to teach about space, time, and matter in general relativity, Teaching Einsteinian Physics in Schools, Kersting, M., Blair, D. (Eds), Routledge, Singapore

  4. Kersting, M. (in press) Standing on the shoulders of giants – how historical perspectives on gravity can inform modern physics education, Teaching Einsteinian Physics in Schools, Kersting, M., Blair, D. (Eds), Routledge, Singapore

  5. Blair, D., Kersting, M. (in press) The difficult birth of gravitational wave astronomy, Teaching Einsteinian Physics in Schools, Kersting, M., Blair, D. (Eds), Routledge, Singapore

  6. Kersting, M. (in press). How History and Philosophy of Science Can Inform Teaching and Learning of General Relativity in Upper Secondary School, Proceedings of the Fifteenth Marcel Grossman Meeting on General Relativity, World Scientific, Singapore (preprint
  7. Kersting, M. (in press). Eine didaktische Rekonstruktion der Allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie für den Oberstufenunterricht. Astronomie und Raumfahrt im Unterricht. 

  8. Kersting, M., Schrocker, G., & Papantoniou, S. (under review). ‘I loved exploring a new dimension of reality’ - a case study of middle-school girls encountering Einsteinian physics in the classroom

  9. Kersting, M., Bondell, J., Steier, R. (in preparation). Reflecting on design principles in the context of virtual reality learning experiences in astronomy and science education